A comparative study of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects of mouthrinse containing tea tree oil

Salvatori C, Barchi L, Guzzo F, Gargari M
ORAL & Implantology, 2017


ABSTRACT:

The study evaluated the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory efficacy, domiciliary oral hygiene, of a mouthrinse containing Tea Tree Oil (TTO) comparing it with two mouthrinses containing chlorhexidine 0,12% respectively and essential oils, and a placebo.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A pilot study, randomized 4 × 4, controlled, cross-over, double-blind. 16 subjects with gingivitis (7 males and 9 females) aged 21-37 years, were randomly divided into four groups based on mouthwash that had to be used for domiciliary oral hygiene: mouthwash with essential oils, mouthwash with chlorhexidine 0,12 %, mouthwash containig tea tree oil and mouthwash placebo. Clinical evaluation was performed by: Full Mouth Plaque Score (FMPS), Full Mouth Bleeding Score (FMBS), Gingival Index (GI), discolorations, language examination and alteration of taste. The data were recorded before and 2 weeks after treatment.

RESULTS:

Statistical analysis shows that treatments with tea tree oil, essential oils and chlorhexidine are effective. Comparing treatments should be noted that the tea tree oil gives a greater improvement in the GI and FMBS, while it is the least effective in the control of bacterial plaque.

CONCLUSION:

Although further studies are needed, the anti-inflammatory properties of the mouthwash made from TTO would seem to be a valuable non-toxic adjunct in the management of gingivitis.

CITATION:

Salvatori C, Barchi L, Guzzo F et al. A comparative study of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects of mouthrinse containing tea tree oil. Oral Implantol (Rome). 2017 Apr 10;10(1):59-70. doi: 10.11138/orl/2017.10.1.059.


 
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