Antifungal activity and chemical composition of Citrus reticulata Blanco essential oil against phytopathogens from North East India

Chutiaa M, Deka Bhuyana P, Pathakb MG, Sarmaa TC, Boruaha P
LWT – Food Science and Technology, 2009


ABSTRACT:

The essential oil (EO) isolated by hydro-distillation from the peel of fully matured ripen fruits of Citrus reticulata Blanco were analyzed by GC and GC–MS. Thirty seven different components were identified constituting approximately ≥99% of the oil. The major components were limonene (46.7%), geranial (19.0%), neral (14.5%), geranyl acetate (3.9%), geraniol (3.5%), β-caryophyllene (2.6%), nerol (2.3%), neryl acetate (1.1%) etc. The antifungal activity of the oil was tested by poisoned food (PF) technique and the volatile activity (VA) assay against five plant pathogenic fungi viz Alternaria alternata (Aa), Rhizoctonia solani (Rs),Curvularia lunata (Cl), Fusarium oxysporum (Fo) and Helminthosporium oryzae (Ho). The oil showed better activity in VA assay. The Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for AaRs and Cl was 0.2 ml/100 ml whereas >0.2 ml/100 ml for Fo and Ho in PF technique. Fungal sporulation was also completely inhibited at 2 ml/100 ml of the oil except for Cl and Ho, which was only 0.5% (±0.5) and 0.25% (±0.25) respectively as compared to control.

CITATION:

Chutiaa M, Deka Bhuyana P, Pathakb MG, Et Al. Antifungal activity and chemical composition of Citrus reticulata Blanco essential oil against phytopathogens from North East India. LWT-Food Sci Technol. 2009;42(3):777-780.


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