do Amaral JF, Silva MI, Neto MR, Neto PF, Moura BA, de Melo CT, de Araújo FL, de Sousa DP, de Vasconcelos PF, de Vasconcelos SM, de Sousa FC
Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 2007
In the present study were studied the antinociceptives properties of monoterpene R-(+)-limonene (LM) in chemical and thermal models of nociception in mice. The R-(+)-limonene was administered, intraperitoneally (i.p.), at doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg. The results showed significant inhibition produced on chemical nociception induced by intraperitoneal acetic-acid and in the second phase of subplantar formalin test, but did not manifest a significant effect in hot-plate test. The R-(+)-limonene-induced antinociception in second phase of formalin test was insensitive to naloxone (1 mg/kg, s.c.). It was also demonstrated that R-(+)-limonene (25, 50 mg/kg) neither significantly enhanced the pentobarbital-sleeping time nor impaired the motor performance in rota-rod test, indicating that the observed antinociception is unlikely to be due to sedation or motor abnormality. In conclusion it may be suggested that the R-(+)-limonene presented antinociceptive activity and that, probably, this action can be related with peripheral analgesia, but, not with the stimulation of opioids receptors.
do Amaral JF, Silva MI, Neto MR, Et Al. Antinociceptive effect of the monoterpene R-(+)-limonene in mice. Biol Pharm Bull. 2007;30(7):1217-1220.