Basil Essential Oil

  • Botanical Name: Ocimum basilicum
  • Alternative Names: Sweet Basil
  • Botanical Family: Lamiaceae
  • Primary Constituent: Linalool
  • Other Main Constituents: Eucalyptol, Eugenol
  • Distillation Method: Steam Distillation
  • Plant Part: Leaf

Antimicrobial activities of gaseous essential oils against Listeria monocytogenes on a laboratory medium and radish sprouts

Lee G, Kim Y, Kim H, Beuchat LR, Ryu JH International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2017 ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activities of gaseous essential oils (EO gases) against Listeria monocytogenes on the surfaces of a laboratory medium and radish sprouts. We determined the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal lethal… Read more »

Antifungal properties of essential oils for improvement of indoor air quality: a review

Whiley H, Gaskin S, Schroder T, Ross K Reviews on Environmental Health, 2017 ABSTRACT: Concerns regarding indoor air quality, particularly the presence of fungi and moulds, are increasing. The potential for essential oils to reduce, control or remove fungi, is gaining interest as they are seen as a “natural” alternative to synthetic chemical fungicides. This review examines published… Read more »

Anti-oxidant activity and major chemical component analyses of twenty-six commercially available essential oils

Wang HF, Yih KH, Yang CH, Huang KF Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, 2017 ABSTRACT: This study analyzed 26 commercially available essential oils and their major chemical components to determine their antioxidant activity levels by measuring their total phenolic content (TPC), reducing power (RP), β-carotene bleaching (BCB) activity, trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free… Read more »

Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils against Pathogens Responsible for Otitis Externa in Dogs and Cats

Ebani VV, Nardoni S, Bertelloni F, Najar B, Pistelli L, Mancianti F Medicines (Basel), 2017 ABSTRACT: Background: Essential oils (EOs) are recommended by some veterinarians to treat otitis externa in pets, but data about their efficacy in scientific literature are very scant. Methods:Nine commercial EOs, from roman chamomile (Anthemis nobilis L.), star anise (Illicium verum), lavender (Lavandula hybrida), litsea… Read more »

Chemical Composition, Cytotoxic, Apoptotic and Antioxidant Activities of Main Commercial Essential Oils in Palestine: A Comparative Study

A Al-Tamimi M, Rastall B, M Abu-Reidah I Medicines (Basel), 2016 ABSTRACT: Background: Essential oils (EOs) are complex mixtures of several components gifted with a wide array of biological activities. The present research was designed to evaluate whether commercial essential oils could be effective by examining their in vitro antioxidant, cytotoxic, and apoptotic properties of nine commercially available EOs… Read more »

Antibacterial activity and interactions of plant essential oil combinations against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria

Semeniuc CA, Pop CR, Rotar AM Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, 2017 ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial effects of several essential oils (EOs) alone and in combination against different Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria associated with food products. Parsley, lovage, basil, and thyme EOs, as well as their mixtures (1:1, v/v),… Read more »

Efficiency of essential oils of Ocimum basilicum and Cymbopogum flexuosus in the sedation and anaesthesia of Nile tilapia juveniles

Netto JDL, Oliveira RSM, Copatti CE Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências ABSTRACT: This study aimed to verify the sedative and anaesthetic effect of the essential oils of basil (Ocimum basilicum) (EOOB) and lemongrass (Cymbopogum flexuosus) (EOCF) in Nile tilapia juveniles. The fish were transferred to aquaria containing different concentrations of each essential oil: 10, 25,… Read more »

Can Ocimum basilicum relieve chronic unpredictable mild stress-induced depression in mice?

Ayuob NN, Firgany AEL, El-Mansy AA, Ali S Experimental and Molecular Pathology BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the important world-wide health problems. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the ameliorative effect of Ocimum basilicum (OB) essential oil on the behavioral, biochemical and histopathological changes resulted from exposure to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). It also aimed to… Read more »

Characterization of Essential Oil Composition in Different Basil Species and Pot Cultures by a GC-MS Method

Muráriková A, Ťažký A, Neugebauerová J, Planková A, Jampílek J, Mučaji P, Mikuš P Molecules, 2017 ABSTRACT: Basil (Ocimum L.) species are used as medicinal plants due to their essential oils exhibiting specific biological activity. The present work demonstrated that both the variety and season/conditions of cultivation had a significant effect on (i) the produced amount (extraction yield), (ii) qualitative, as well… Read more »

Evaluation of the chemical composition, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of distillate and residue fractions of sweet basil essential oil

Li H, Ge Y, Luo Z, Zhou Y, Zhang X, Zhang J, Fu Q Journal of Food Science and Technology, 2017 ABSTRACT: In this study, the chemical composition and antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae family) were evaluated. Sweet basil is a food-related plant that is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. Sweet basil crude oil was… Read more »