Black Pepper Essential Oil

  • Botanical Name: Piper nigrum
  • Alternative Names: Peppercorn
  • Botanical Family: Piperaceae
  • Primary Constituent: Caryophyllene
  • Other Main Constituents: Limonene, Carene , Beta-Pinene
  • Distillation Method: Steam Distillation
  • Plant Part: Fruit

Prebiotic Potential and Chemical Composition of Seven Culinary Spice Extracts

Lu QY, Summanen PH, Lee RP, Huang J, Henning SM, Heber D, Finegold SM, Li Z Journal of Food Science, 2017 ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate prebiotic potential, chemical composition, and antioxidant capacity of spice extracts. Seven culinary spices including black pepper, cayenne pepper, cinnamon, ginger, Mediterranean oregano, rosemary, and turmeric were extracted with boiling water. Major chemical… Read more »

Neuroprotective Effects of β-Caryophyllene against Dopaminergic Neuron Injury in a Murine Model of Parkinson’s Disease Induced by MPTP

Viveros-Paredes JM, González-Castañeda RE, Gertsch J, Chaparro-Huerta V, López-Roa RI, Vázquez-Valls E, Beas-Zarate C, Camins-Espuny A, Flores-Soto ME Pharmaceuticals (Basel, Switzerland), 2017 ABSTRACT: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders and is characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). Although the causes of PD are not understood, evidence suggests that its pathogenesis is associated… Read more »

Aromatherapy and Essential Oils (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

PDQ Integrative, Alternative, and Complementary Therapies Editorial Board PDQ Cancer Information Summaries, 2017 EXCERPT: This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about the use of aromatherapy and essential oils in the treatment of people with cancer. It is intended as a resource to inform and assist clinicians who care for cancer… Read more »

β-Caryophyllene ameliorates the Alzheimer-like phenotype in APP/PS1 Mice through CB2 receptor activation and the PPARγ pathway

Cheng Y, Dong Z, Liu S Pharmacology, 2014 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND/AIMS: The activation of cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) has the beneficial effect of reducing neuroinflammatory response in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and is suggested to trigger the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) pathway; agonists of both receptors improve AD. Recently, the plant metabolite β-caryophyllene was… Read more »

Protective effects of trans-caryophyllene on maintaining osteoblast function

Shan J, Chen L, Lu K IUBMB Life, 2017 ABSTRACT: Age-related osteoblast dysfunction is the main cause of age-related bone loss. Trans-caryophyllene (TC) is an important constituent of the essential oils derived from several species of medicinal plants. In this study, we investigated the effects of TC on osteoblast function in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. The… Read more »

Plant Secondary Metabolites as Rodent Repellents: a Systematic Review

Hansen SC, Stolter C, Imholt C, Jacob J J Chem Ecol, 2016 ABSTRACT: The vast number of plant secondary metabolites (PSMs) produced by higher plants has generated many efforts to exploit their potential for pest control. We performed a systematic literature search to retrieve relevant publications, and we evaluated these according to PSM groups to… Read more »

Plants traditionally used as mosquito repellents and the implication for their use in vector control

Tisgratog R, Sanguanpong U, Grieco JP, Ngoen-Kluan R, Chareonviriyaphap T Acta tropica, 2016 ABSTRACT: Numerous plants with insect repelling properties are native to the tropics where they are produced for a wide range of medicinal purposes. In Thailand, these native plant species have a history of use for personal protection against biting insects. From our… Read more »

Subconscious olfactory influences of stimulant and relaxant odors on immune function

Trellakis S, Fischer C, Rydleuskaya A, Tagay S, Bruderek K, Greve J, Lang S, Brandau S
European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, 2012