Yamamoto-Ribeiro MM, Grespan R, Kohiyama CY, Ferreira FD, Mossini SA, Silva EL, Filho BA, Mikcha JM, Machinski M Jr
Food Chemistry, 2013
The antifungal activity of ginger essential oil (GEO; Zingiber officinale Roscoe) was evaluated againstFusarium verticillioides (Saccardo) Nirenberg. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of GEO was determined by micro-broth dilution. The effects of GEO on fumonisin and ergosterol production were evaluated at concentrations of 500–5000 μg/mL in liquid medium with a 5 mm diameter mycelial disc of F. verticillioides. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry showed that the predominant components of GEO were α-zingiberene (23.9%) and citral (21.7%). GEO exhibited inhibitory activity, with a MIC of 2500 μg/mL, and 4000 and 5000 μg/mL reduced ergosterol biosynthesis by 57% and 100%, respectively. The inhibitory effect on fumonisin B1 (FB1) and fumonisin B2 (FB2) production was significant at GEO concentrations of 4000 and 2000 μg/mL, respectively. Thus, the inhibition of fungal biomass and fumonisin production was dependent on the concentration of GEO. These results suggest that GEO was able to control the growth of F. verticillioides and subsequent fumonisin production.
Yamamoto-Ribeiro MM, Grespan R, Kohiyama CY, Et Al. Effect of Zingiber officinale essential oil on Fusarium verticillioides and fumonisin production. Food Chem. 2013;141(3):3147-3152.