Liu S, Yamauchi H
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 2006
Hinokitiol (beta-thujaplicin), a troplone-related compound found in the heartwood of cupressaceous plants, strongly inhibits the proliferation of a broad range of tumor cell lines. This is the first report to demonstrate that hinokitiol, a metal chelator derived from natural plants, suppressescell growth and disrupts AR signaling in prostate carcinoma cell lines. Our present studies indicate that hinokitiol suppresses androgen/AR-mediated cell growth and androgen-stimulated DNA synthesis by [(3)H]thymidine incorporation in a dose- and time-dependent manner.Hinokitiol simultaneously suppresses the intracellular and secreted PSA levels, a marker for the progression of prostate cancer. Hinokitiol significantly represses the AR mRNA and protein expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Additionally, the ligand-binding assay shows that hinokitiol blocks binding of the synthetic androgen [(3)H]R1881 to AR in LNCaP cells. These findings collectively suggest that hinokitiol is potentially effective against prostate cancer in vitro, and thus it might become a novel chemopreventive or chemotherapeutic agent for prostate cancer.
Liu S, Yamauchi H. Hinokitiol, a metal chelator derived from natural plants, suppresses cell growth and disrupts androgen receptor signaling in prostate carcinoma cell lines. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006;351(1):26-32.