Muturi EJ, Doll K, Berhow M, Flor-weiler LB, Rooney AP
Pest Management Science, 2019
BACKGROUND: Some plant essential oils have insecticidal properties against mosquitoes and can be harnessed as ecofriendly tools for mosquito control. We conducted bioassays to determine the toxicity of Italian honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium) essential oil and its fractions against larvae of the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti.
RESULTS: Sixteen constituents were identified in honeysuckle essential oil compared to 15, 15, 15, and 11 constituents in fractions A, B, C, and E, respectively. The chemical constituents for fraction D were not determined due to lack of enough fraction sample. The two major constituents identified were patchouli alcohol (29.3%) and 6-acetyl-1,1,2,4,4,7-hexamethyltetralin (20.6%) in whole essential oil, alpha-bulnesene (27.6%) and 6-acetyl-1,1,2,4,4,7-hexamethyltetralin (23.2%) in fraction A, unknown chemical (47.3%) and diethyl phthalate (19.5%) in fraction B, unknown chemical (38.3%) and diethyl phthalate (23.2%) in fraction C, and patchouli alcohol (58.7%) and diethyl phthalate (20.5%) in fraction E. The LC50 for whole essential oil was 34.4 ppm and significantly higher than 20.6, 19.7, 18.6, and 17.7 ppm for fractions B, C, D, and E, respectively. In contrast, fraction A was inactive. At 50 ppm, all individual constituents tested were less toxic than the whole essential oil with exception of patchouli alcohol, which caused 100% mortality.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that patchouli alcohol is one of the chemical constituents responsible for bioactivity of honeysuckle essential oil and some of its fractions. The findings also demonstrate that honey suckle essential oil and its fractions can be exploited as a source of ecofriendly larvicides for mosquito control. Published 2019. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
Muturi EJ, Doll K, Berhow M, Flor-weiler LB, Rooney AP. Honeysuckle essential oil as a potential source of ecofriendly larvicides for mosquito control. Pest Manag Sci. 2019.