Zhou L, Zhang K, Li J, Cui X, Wang A, Huang S, Zheng S, Lu Y, Chen W
Reproductive Toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.), 2013
The use of herbal medicine has rapidly increased in recent decades, prompting an increase in toxicity concerns. Here we investigated whether and how essential oil of Curcuma zedoaria may induce reproductive and developmental toxicity. Whole embryo culture in rats revealed that the essential oil produced a concentration-dependent toxicity ex vivo in the embryos on gestation Day 9.5 (GD9.5). Weight loss, abnormal hematological and biochemical effects on dams and embryos were also observed in GD17 pregnant rats orally administrated with 100mgkg(-1) or 200mgkg(-1) essential oil from GD7 onward. Induction of embryotoxicity may be related to placental calcification attributed to inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated angiogenesis. Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry demonstrated that the main toxic compounds in essential oil were sesquiterpenoids. Our results suggest that the reproductive toxicity of C. zedoaria may be caused by sesquiterpenoids in the essential oil blocking VEGF-mediated angiogenesis.
Zhou L, Zhang K, Li J, et al. Inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated angiogenesis involved in reproductive toxicity induced by sesquiterpenoids of Curcuma zedoaria in rats. Reprod Toxicol. 2013;37:62-69.