Satou T, Ogawa Y, Koike Kazuo
Phytother Res, 2015
We previously reported finding anxiolytic-like activity for sandalwood oil after administration in mice. In this report, we further investigated the emotional behavior associated with inhaled or intraperitoneally administered (+)-α-santalol, the main component of sandalwood oil, in addition to examining whether pharmacological or neurological transfers are responsible for this behavior. After administration of (+)-α-santalol by inhalation or intraperitoneal injection, we assessed anxiolytic-like and locomotor activities using elevated-plus maze tests. We also examined the relationship between the emotional behavior and the (+)-α-santalol brain concentration. Anxiolytic-like activity was not observed immediately after administration or after water-immersion stress for 24 h for either the (+)-α-santalol 2 μL/L air inhalation or the (+)-α-santalol 0.03 mL/kg (i.p.) administration. However, mice administered (+)-α-santalol 0.03 mL/kg intraperitoneally exhibited a significant decrease in the locomotor activity after exposure to water-immersion stress for 24 h. The brain (+)-α-santalol concentration was 2.6 µg/g tissue after (+)-α-santalol 0.03 mL/kg (i.p.) administration. The observed shift of (+)-α-santalol to the brain suggests that this component acts via pharmacological transfer and is responsible for the sedative effect but not the anxiolytic-like activity.
Satou T, Ogawa Y, Koike Kazuo. Relationship Between Emotional Behavior in Mice and the Concentration of (+)-α-Santalol in the Brain. Phytother Res. 2015;29(8):1246-50