Vasorelaxant effect of the Lippia alba essential oil and its major constituent, citral, on the contractility of isolated rat aorta

da Silva RER, de Morais LP, Silva AA, Bastos CMS, Pereira-Gonçalves Á, Kerntopf MR, Menezes IRA, Leal-Cardoso JH, Barbosa R Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, 2018 ABSTRACT: The Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Brown (Verbenaceae) species popularly known as lemon balm has sedative, analgesic and spasmolytic properties. This study aimed to evaluate the vasorelaxant effect of the L…. Read more »

Effect of the Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Brown essential oil and its main constituents, citral and limonene, on the tracheal smooth muscle of rats

Carvalho PMM, Macêdo CAF, Ribeiro TF, Silva AA, Da Silva RER, de Morais LP, Kerntopf MR, Menezes IRA, Barbosa R Biotechnology Reports, 2017 ABSTRACT: The Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Brown (Verbenaceae) species, has effects sedative, analgesic and spasmolytic properties. This study had as its main objective to evaluate the essential oil of L. alba (EOLa)… Read more »

Cymbopogon citratus and Cymbopogon giganteus essential oils have cytotoxic effects on tumor cell cultures. Identification of citral as a new putative anti-proliferative molecule

Bayala B, Bassole IHN, Maqdasy S, Baron S, Simpore J, Lobaccaro JA Biochimie, 2018 ABSTRACT: Cymbopogon species are used as traditional remedies in Burkina Faso for treating several diseases. We aimed to study the effects of their essential oils on cancer cell lines. For that purpose, Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. and Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. were… Read more »

Effects of lemongrass oil and citral on hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes, oxidative stress, and acetaminophen toxicity in rats

Li CC, Yu HF, Chang CH, Liu YT, Yao HT Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, 2018 ABSTRACT: The essential oil from a lemongrass variety of Cymbopogon flexuosus [lemongrass oil (LO)] is used in various food and aroma industry products and exhibits biological activities, such as anticancer and antimicrobial activities. To investigate the effects of… Read more »

Citral, a monoterpenoid aldehyde interacts synergistically with norfloxacin against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Gupta P, Patel DK, Gupta VK, Pal A, Tandon S, Darokar MP Phytomedicine, 2017 BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus (SA), is a major human pathogen causing wide range of clinical infections, which has been further complicated by drug resistance like methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA), vancomycin intermediate S. aureus (VISA)/vancomycin resistant S. aureus (VRSA), etc. The present… Read more »

Efficiency of essential oils of Ocimum basilicum and Cymbopogum flexuosus in the sedation and anaesthesia of Nile tilapia juveniles

Netto JDL, Oliveira RSM, Copatti CE Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências ABSTRACT: This study aimed to verify the sedative and anaesthetic effect of the essential oils of basil (Ocimum basilicum) (EOOB) and lemongrass (Cymbopogum flexuosus) (EOCF) in Nile tilapia juveniles. The fish were transferred to aquaria containing different concentrations of each essential oil: 10, 25,… Read more »

In Vitro Antibacterial and Antibiofilm Activity of Lippia alba Essential Oil, Citral, and Carvone against Staphylococcus aureus

Porfírio EM, Melo HM, Pereira AMG, Cavalcante TTA, Gomes GA, de Carvalho MG, Costa RA, Júnior FEAC ScientificWorld Journal, 2017 ABSTRACT: In vitro antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of the Lippia alba essential oil and its major components (citral and carvone) against Staphylococcus aureus were investigated. Essential oils (LA1EO, LA2EO, and LA3EO) were extracted from the aerial parts of three L…. Read more »

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) essential oil demonstrated anti-inflammatory effect in pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblasts

Han X, Parker TL Biochimie Open, 2017 ABSTRACT: Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) essential oil (LEO), which has citral as its main component, has exhibited anti-inflammatory effect in both animal and human cells. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of a commercially available LEO in pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblasts. We first studied the impact of… Read more »

The Effect of Citrus Essential Oils and Their Constituents on Growth of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri

Mirzaei-Najafgholi H, Tarighi S, Golmohammadi M, Taheri P Molecules, 2017 ABSTRACT: Citrus bacterial canker (CBC) caused by Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (Xcc), is the most devastating of the citrus diseases worldwide. During our study, we found that Essential oils (EOs) of some citrus cultivars are effective on Xcc. Therefore, it prompted us to determine the… Read more »