Saljoughian S, Roohinejad S, Bekhit AEA, Greiner R, Omidizadeh A, Nikmaram N, Mousavi Khaneghah A
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Essential oils (EO) are complex secondary metabolites, which are produced by aromatic plants and identified by their powerful odors. Present studies on EO and their isolated ingredients have drawn the attention of researchers to screen these natural products and evaluate their effect on the cardiovascular system. Some EO, and their active ingredients, have been reported to improve the cardiovascular system significantly by affecting vaso-relaxation, and decreasing the heart rate and exert a hypotension activity. Several mechanisms have been proposed for the role of EO and their main active components in promoting the health of the cardiovascular system. The objective of this review is to highlight the current state of knowledge on the functional role of EO extracted from plants for reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases and their mechanisms of action. Research on EO has the potential to identify new bioactive compounds and formulate new functional products for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as arterial hypertension, angina pectoris, heart failure, and myocardial infarction.
Saljoughian S, Roohinejad S, Bekhit AEA et al. The effects of food essential oils on cardiovascular diseases: A review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2017 Feb 10:1-18. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2017.1279121.