Sokolić-Mihalak D, Frece J, Slavica A, Delaš F, Pavlović H, Markov K
Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the essential oil of Thymus serpyllum L. and of its components thymol and total phenols (total phenolic content, TPC) extracted from the plant on the growth and mycotoxin production of Aspergillus ochraceus, A. carbonarius, and A. niger. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) determined for the essential oil and thymol, and selected concentration of the TPC extract inhibited fungal growth and ochratoxin A biosynthesis by more than 60 %, depending on the conditions and duration of incubation with the fungi. Essential oil showed the strongest inhibitory effect which may have been related to the synergistic or cumulative effects of its components.
Sokolić-Mihalak D, Frece J, Slavica A, Et Al. The effects of wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum L.) essential oil components against ochratoxin-producing Aspergilli. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. 2012;63(4):457-462.