Antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities of essential oils from five selected herbs

Tsai ML, Lin CC, Lin WC, Yang CH
Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, 2011


Eucalyptus bridgesiana, Cymbopogon martinii, Thymus vulgaris, Lindernia anagallis, and Pelargonium fragrans are five species of herbs used in Asia. Their essential oils were analyzed by GC-MS, and a total of 36 components were detected. The results of our study indicated that, except for theessential oil of P. fragrans, all of the essential oils demonstrated obvious antimicrobial activity against a broad range of microorganisms. The C. martinii essential oil, which is rich in geraniol, was the most effective antimicrobial additive. All of the essential oils demonstrated antioxidant activitieson 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging assay, β-carotene/linoleic acid assay, and nitric oxide radical scavenging assay. Furthermore, the T. vulgaris essential oil, which possesses plentiful thymol, exhibited the highest antioxidant activity. For P. acnes-induced secretion of pro-inflammatorycytokines, the essential oils of P. aeruginosa, C. martinii, and T. vulgaris reduced the TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-8 secretion levels of THP-1 cells.


Tsai ML, Lin CC, Lin WC et al. Antimicrobial, Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Essential Oils from Five Selected Herbs. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2011;75(10),1977-1983.

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