Miladinović DL, Ilić BS, Kocić BD, Ćirić VM, Nikolić DM.
Journal of Medicinal Food, 2015
The chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Thymus glabrescens Willd. (thyme) essential oil were examined, as well as its association with tetracycline. The antibacterial activities of geraniol and thymol, the main constituents of T. glabrescens oil, were also determined. Gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry were used to analyze the chemical composition of the oil. The antibacterial activities of the oil, geraniol, and thymol were investigated by the broth microdilution method. The interactions of the essential oil, geraniol, and thymol with tetracycline, toward five selected strains, were evaluated using the microdilution checkerboard assay. Oxygenated monoterpenes were the most abundant compound class in the oil (57.14%), with geraniol (22.33%) as the major compound. The essential oil exhibited in vitro antibacterial activity against all tested bacterial strains. The combinations, essential oil-tetracycline and thymol-tetracycline, produced synergistic interaction to a greater extent compared with geraniol-tetracycline association. All synergistic combinations reduced the minimum effective dose of the antibiotic and, consequently, minimized its adverse side effects.
Miladinović DL, Ilić BS, Kocić BD, et al. Antibacterial Investigation of Thyme Essential Oiland Its Main Constituents in Combination with Tetracycline. J Med Food. [Epub ahead of print]