Cardio & Circulatory System

This system is comprised of the heart and vessels of the body as related to delivery of oxygen and nutrients to tissues. Common conditions related to this system include arteriosclerosis, arthrosclerosis, coronary artery (heart) disease, heart failure, hypertension, shock, strokes and arrhythmias.

Efficacy of linalool to ameliorate uremia induced vascular calcification in wistar rats

Kaur T, Kaul S, Bhardwaj A Phytomedicine, 2018 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Uremia is the condition generally associated with the last stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to highly reduced glomerular filtration rate. Mortality of the patients diagnosed with Uremia generally occurs due to cardiovascular involvement. This occurs due to the transdifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle… Read more »

Vasorelaxant effect of the Lippia alba essential oil and its major constituent, citral, on the contractility of isolated rat aorta

da Silva RER, de Morais LP, Silva AA, Bastos CMS, Pereira-Gonçalves Á, Kerntopf MR, Menezes IRA, Leal-Cardoso JH, Barbosa R Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, 2018 ABSTRACT: The Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Brown (Verbenaceae) species popularly known as lemon balm has sedative, analgesic and spasmolytic properties. This study aimed to evaluate the vasorelaxant effect of the L…. Read more »

In Vitro Studies on Ameliorative Effects of Limonene on Cadmium-Induced Genotoxicity in Cultured Human Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes

Verma N, Yadav A, Bal S, Gupta R, Aggarwal N Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2018 ABSTRACT: Cadmium (Cd) is a non-redox metal that can indirectly cause oxidative stress by depleting cellular levels of glutathione. It is well-known for the generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydroxyl radicals, superoxide anions, nitric oxide, and hydrogen peroxide…. Read more »

In Vitro Study of Multi-Therapeutic Properties of Thymus bovei Benth. Essential Oil and Its Main Component for Promoting Their Use in Clinical Practice

Hassan STS, Berchová-bímová K, Šudomová M, Malaník M, Šmejkal K, Rengasamy KRR Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2018 ABSTRACT: Thymus bovei Benth. (TB) is an important plant in the traditional medicine of the Mediterranean region. This study investigates the health-promoting properties of TB essential oil (TB-EO) for its possible use in clinical practice with regards to… Read more »

Chamazulene Attenuates ROS Levels in Bovine Aortic Endothelial Cells Exposed to High Glucose Concentrations and Hydrogen Peroxide

Querio G, Antoniotti S, Foglietta F, Bertea CM, Canaparo R, Gallo MP, Levi R Frontiers in Physiology, 2018 ABSTRACT: Endothelial cells surround the lumen of blood vessels and modulate many physiological processes, including vascular tone, blood fluidity, inflammation, immunity and neovascularization. Many pathological conditions, including hyperglycemia, may alter endothelial function through oxidative stress, leading to… Read more »

Use of micronucleus and comet assay to evaluate evaluate the genotoxicity of oregano essential oil (Origanum vulgare l. Virens) in rats orally exposed for 90 days

Llana-Ruiz-Cabello M, Puerto M, Maisanaba S, Guzmán-Guillén R, Pichardo S, Cameán AM Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part A, 2018 ABSTRACT: Essential oils from Origanum spp. exhibit antioxidant and antimicrobial activities making them suitable for use as food additives. The incorporation of oregano essential oil in active food packaging is under study; however, it… Read more »

Selected terpenes from leaves of Ocimum basilicum L. induce hemoglobin accumulation in human K562 cells

Giordana F, Nicola M, Valentina C, Torricelli P, Beninati S, Tagliati F, Mischiati C Fitoterapia, 2018 ABSTRACT: Re-expression of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) was proposed as a possible therapeutic strategy for β-haemoglobinopathies. Although several inducers of HbF were tested in clinical trials, only hydroxyurea (HU) received FDA approval. Despite it produced adequate HbF levels only in… Read more »

Effects of different levels of dietary Citrus Limon essential oil on some blood parameters and antioxidant status in Afshari Ewes

Mojtahedin A, Seifdavati J, Seyedsharifi R Cellular and Molecular Biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France), 2018 ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the anti-enzymatic activity of Origanum vulgare (oregano) essential oil against 15 strains of Candida albicans. Candida albicans samples were isolated from the oral mucosa of patients with denture stomatitis treated in a Dentistry school on a… Read more »

Alcoholic monoterpenes found in essential oil of aromatic spices reduce allergic inflammation by the modulation of inflammatory cytokines

Pina LTS, Ferro JNS, Rabelo TK, Oliveira MA, Scotti L, Scotti MT, Walker CIB, Barreto EO, Quintans Júnior LJ, Guimarães AG Natural Product Research, 2018 ABSTRACT: Allergic inflammation is a response of the body against pathogens by cytokine release and leucocyte recruitment. Recently, there was an increase in morbimortality associated with allergic inflammation, especially asthma…. Read more »

Anti-inflammatory effect of cinnamaldehyde and linalool from the leaf essential oil of Cinnamomum osmophloeum Kanehira in endotoxin-induced mice

Lee SC, Wang SY, Li CC, Liu CT Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, 2018 ABSTRACT: Cinnamomum osmophloeum Kanehira is a Taiwan native plant that belongs to genus Cinnamomum and is also known as pseudocinnamomum or indigenous cinnamon. Its leaf is traditionally used by local people in cooking and as folk therapy. We previously demonstrated… Read more »