Use of micronucleus and comet assay to evaluate evaluate the genotoxicity of oregano essential oil (Origanum vulgare l. Virens) in rats orally exposed for 90 days

Llana-Ruiz-Cabello M, Puerto M, Maisanaba S, Guzmán-Guillén R, Pichardo S, Cameán AM
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part A, 2018


ABSTRACT:

Essential oils from Origanum spp. exhibit antioxidant and antimicrobial activities making them suitable for use as food additives. The incorporation of oregano essential oil in active food packaging is under study; however, it has been not authorized for this purpose thus far. In order to fulfill the requirements of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), the aim of the present study was to determine the genotoxic potential of oregano essential oil using both the micronucleus (MN) test and comet (standard and enzyme-modified) assays in Wistar rats treated with 50, 100, or 200 mg/kg body weight administered daily for 90 days. MN was performed in cells from the bone marrow and standard and enzyme-modified comet assays were conducted in stomach, liver and blood cells. The major compound detected in the analytical study of oregano essential oil from Origanum vulgare L. virens, was carvacrol (55.82%) followed by thymol (5.14%), as well as their precursors, γ-terpinene (16.39%), and ρ-cimne (4.71%). The results obtained in the genotoxicity assays indicated lack of effect in MN and standard comet assay under the conditions tested. Furthermore, no apparent oxidative damage was observed in the enzyme-modified comet assay in any of the tissues examined of rats exposed to oregano essential oil for 90 days. Therefore, this oregano essential oil appears to be safe in Wistar rats and might be considered as a potential active material in food packaging industry.

CITATION:

Llana-Ruiz-Cabello M, Puerto M, Maisanaba S, et al. Use of micronucleus and comet assay to evaluate evaluate the genotoxicity of oregano essential oil (Origanum vulgare l. Virens) in rats orally exposed for 90 days. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2018 Mar 14:1-9.


 
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