Geranial

  • Backbone: Monoterpene
  • Functional Group: Aldehyde

Transcriptomic approach and membrane fatty acid analysis to study the response mechanisms of Escherichia coli to thyme essential oil, carvacrol, 2-(E)-hexanal and citral exposure

Siroli L, Braschi G, De jong A, Kok J, Patrignani F, Lanciotti R Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2018 ABSTRACT: AIMS: The application of essential oils (EOs) and their components as food preservatives is promising but requires a deeper understanding of their mechanisms of action. This study aims to evaluate the effects of thyme EO, carvacrol,… Read more »

Antihyperlipidemic and anti-hyperglycemic effects of Cymbopogon jwarancusa in high-fat high-sugar diet model

Khan SJ, Afroz S, Khan RA Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2018 ABSTRACT: Hyperlipidemia is the root cause for development of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension and cerebral palsy. Cymbopogon jwarancusa is an aromatic grass (Rusha grass, khavi grass) belonging to family Poaceaea. C. jwarancusa essential oil is famous for its use… Read more »

Antioxidative and Cholesterol-Lowering Effects of Lemon Essential Oil in Hypercholesterolemia-Induced Rabbits

Lee H, Woo M, Kim M, Noh JS, Song YO Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, 2018 ABSTRACT: The cholesterol-lowering and anti-atherogenic effects of lemon essential oil (LEO) were investigated and compared with the effects of limonene. Owing to their volatility, both LEO and limonene were microencapsulated before preparation of the diet (20%, w/w). Hypercholesterolemia-induced rabbits… Read more »

Nanoemulsions containing Cymbopogon flexuosus essential oil: Development, characterization, stability study and evaluation of antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities

da Silva Gündel S, de Souza ME, Quatrin PM, Klein B, Wagner R, Gündel A, Vaucher RA, Santos RCV, Ourique AF Microbial Pathogenesis, 2018 ABSTRACT: The increase of microbial resistance generates the search for new substances with antimicrobial potential. The essential oil of Cymbopogon flexuosus (Lemongrass) stands out in the literature for its antimicrobial, insecticide… Read more »

Lemongrass essential oil and citral inhibit Src/Stat3 activity and suppress the proliferation/survival of small-cell lung cancer cells, alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic agents

Maruoka T, Kitanaka A, Kubota Y, Yamaoka G, Kameda T, Imataki O, Dobashi H, Bandoh S, Kadowaki N, Tanaka T International Journal of Oncology, 2018 ABSTRACT: Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is intractable due to its high propensity for relapse. Novel agents are thus needed for SCLC treatment. Lemongrass essential oil (LG-EO) and its major constituent,… Read more »

Cymbopogon citratus and Cymbopogon giganteus essential oils have cytotoxic effects on tumor cell cultures. Identification of citral as a new putative anti-proliferative molecule

Bayala B, Bassole IHN, Maqdasy S, Baron S, Simpore J, Lobaccaro JA Biochimie, 2018 ABSTRACT: Cymbopogon species are used as traditional remedies in Burkina Faso for treating several diseases. We aimed to study the effects of their essential oils on cancer cell lines. For that purpose, Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. and Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. were… Read more »

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) essential oil demonstrated anti-inflammatory effect in pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblasts

Han X, Parker TL Biochimie Open, 2017 ABSTRACT: Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) essential oil (LEO), which has citral as its main component, has exhibited anti-inflammatory effect in both animal and human cells. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of a commercially available LEO in pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblasts. We first studied the impact of… Read more »

Antifungal and Anti-Biofilm Activity of Essential Oil Active Components against Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus laurentii

Kumari P, Mishra R, Arora N, Chatrath A, Gangwar R, Roy P, Prasad R Frontiers in Microbiology, 2017 ABSTRACT: Cryptococcosis is an emerging and recalcitrant systemic infection occurring in immunocompromised patients. This invasive fungal infection is difficult to treat due to the ability of Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus laurentii to form biofilms resistant to standard antifungal treatment…. Read more »

Phytochemical, antioxidant and antibacterial properties of Melissa officinalis and Dracocephalum moldavica essential oils

Ehsani A, Alizadeh O, Hashemi M, Afshari A, Aminzare M Veterinary Research Forum, 2017 ABSTRACT: Aromatic plants are rich in essential oils with considerable antimicrobial properties. The aim of this study was to investigate chemical composition, antimicrobial activity and antioxidant properties of Melissa officinalis and Deracocephalum moldavica essential oils (EOs). The identification of chemical constituents of the EOs was carried out using gas chromato-graphy-mass… Read more »