Nanoemulsions containing Cymbopogon flexuosus essential oil: Development, characterization, stability study and evaluation of antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities

da Silva Gündel S, de Souza ME, Quatrin PM, Klein B, Wagner R, Gündel A, Vaucher RA, Santos RCV, Ourique AF
Microbial Pathogenesis, 2018


ABSTRACT:

The increase of microbial resistance generates the search for new substances with antimicrobial potential. The essential oil of Cymbopogon flexuosus (Lemongrass) stands out in the literature for its antimicrobial, insecticide and antioxidant properties, but it has high volatilization and low stability, and the nanoencapsulation of this oil could be an alternative to overcome these limitations. Thus, the objective of this study was to develop, for the first time, nanoemulsions containing the essential oil of C. flexuosus, through a method that does not use organic solvent and with temperature control to avoid the volatilization of the oil, characterize and evaluate of stability and the antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of these nanoemulsions. Nanoemulsions presented adequate physicochemical characteristics (average size less than 200 nm, polydispersity index less than 0.3, negative zeta potential and acid pH) which were maintained during 90 days of storage, and the nanoencapsulation of the C. flexuosus oil enhanced its therapeutic efficacy against the microorganisms evaluated in this study compared to the free oil. These results are very promising because among the microorganisms that the nanoemulsion containing C. flexuosus was able to inhibit the formation of biofilm are the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, which were recently listed by the World Health Organization as priority pathogens for development of new antibiotics.

CITATION:

da Silva Gündel S, de Souza ME, Quatrin PM, et al. Nanoemulsions containing Cymbopogon flexuosus essential oil: Development, characterization, stability study and evaluation of antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities. Microb Pathog. 2018 Mar 23. pii: S0882-4010(17)31347-5.


 
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