Nervous System

This system includes the brain, spinal cord, sensory receptors and peripheral nerves. Disorders include strokes, dementia, Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s, Parkinson’s, ADHD, epilepsy, anxiety disorders, mood disorders and stress.

The anticonvulsant and anti-plasmid conjugation potential of Thymus vulgaris chemistry: An in vivo murine and in vitro study

Skalicka-Woźniak K, Walasek M, Aljarba TM, Stapleton P, Gibbons S, Xiao J, Łuszczki JJ Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2018 ABSTRACT: The high-performance counter-current chromatography was used for the efficient purification of single constituents from Thymus vulgaris essential oil. Mixtures of n-heptane, ethyl acetate, methanol, and water (5:2:5:2 and 4:1:4:1 v/v), allowed purification of eugenol, 1-octen-3-… Read more »

Anti-stress effects of simplified aroma hand massage

Komori T, Kageyama M, Tamura Y, Tateishi Y, Iwasa T Mental Illness, 2018 ABSTRACT: In order to be able to use the aroma hand massage as a skill that can be done by a nurse who does not have a special aromatherapy technique, we examine antistress effects of simplified aroma hand massage for healthy subjects…. Read more »

Effects of Essential Oil of Satureja bachtiarica Bunge in a Rat Model of Reserpine-Induced Depression

Bakhtiarpoor M, Setorki M, Kaffashian MR Iran Journal of Medical Sciences, 2018 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Due to the unfavorable side effects of some commonly used chemical drugs, the trend in the public has shifted towards using herbal medicines to treat central nervous system disorders like depression. The present experimental study was designed to evaluate the effect… Read more »

Anaesthetic Effects of Eugenol on Grass Shrimp (Palaemonetes sinensis) of Different Sizes at Different Concentrations and Temperatures

Li Y, She Q, Han Z, Sun N, Liu X, Li X Scientific Reports, 2018 ABSTRACT: Essential oil derivatives are widely used for anaesthetising aquatic animals. However, the effectiveness of anaesthesia often varies according to the anaesthetic agent, species, temperature, dosage, and interactions among these factors. This study evaluated the effects of eugenol on three… Read more »

β-eudesmol, an oxygenized sesquiterpene, affects efferent adrenal sympathetic nerve activity via transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 in rats

Ohara K, Katayama M, Nagai K Neuroscience Letters, 2018 ABSTRACT: The autonomic nervous system innervates various peripheral tissue functions. Various external stimuli affect autonomic nerve activity, however, there is little information about the involvement of sensory receptors in the responses. The TRPA1 is a calcium-permeable non-selective cation channel which plays a crucial role in the… Read more »

Essential oil of lavender in anxiety disorders: Ready for prime time?

Malcolm BJ, Tallian K The Mental Health Clinician, 2018 ABSTRACT: Anxiety disorders are some of the most common psychiatric disorders, with potentially debilitating consequences on individual function. Existing pharmacotherapies for anxiety disorders are limited by delay to therapeutic effect, dependence, tolerance, withdrawal, and abuse potential. Therefore, safe and evidence-based complementary or alternative therapies may be… Read more »

Antidepressant-Like Effect of Lippia sidoides (Verbenaceae) Essential Oil and Its Major Compound Thymol in Mice

Parente MSR, Custódio FR, Cardoso NA, Lima MJA, Melo TS, Linhares MI, Siqueira RMP, Nascimento AÁD, Catunda Júnior FEA, Melo CTV Scientia Pharmaceutica, 2018 ABSTRACT: Depression is a common disease affecting more than 300 million people worldwide. Since Lippia sidoides has shown central nervous system effects in previous works, we aimed to investigate the effect… Read more »

Antinociceptive effect of inhalation of the essential oil of bergamot in mice

Scuteri D, Crudo M, Rombolà L, Watanabe C, Mizoguchi H, Sakurada S, Sakurada T, Greco R, Corasaniti MT, Morrone LA, Bagetta G Fitoterapia, 2018 ABSTRACT: Bergamot essential oil (BEO) has proven wide evidence of pharmacological antinociceptive effectiveness both in nociceptive and in neuropathic pain models. The antinociceptive properties of BEO for inhalation have not been… Read more »

An Overview on Citrus aurantium L.: Its Functions as Food Ingredient and Therapeutic Agent

Suntar I, Khan H, Patel S, Celano R, Rastrelli L Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2018 ABSTRACT: Citrus aurantium L. (Rutaceae), commonly known as bitter orange, possesses multiple therapeutic potentials. These biological credentials include anticancer, antianxiety, antiobesity, antibacterial, antioxidant, pesticidal, and antidiabetic activities. The essential oil of C. aurantium was reported to display marked pharmacological… Read more »

Thymol, thyme, and other plant sources: Health and potential uses

Salehi B, Mishra AP, Shukla I, Sharifi-Rad M, Contreras MDM, Segura-Carretero A, Fathi H, Nasrabadi NN, Kobarfard F, Sharifi-Rad J Phytotherapy Research, 2018 ABSTRACT: Thymol is a naturally occurring phenol monoterpene derivative of cymene and isomer of carvacrol. Thymol (10-64%) is one of the major constituent of essential oils of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L., Lamiaceae),… Read more »