Nervous System

This system includes the brain, spinal cord, sensory receptors and peripheral nerves. Disorders include strokes, dementia, Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s, Parkinson’s, ADHD, epilepsy, anxiety disorders, mood disorders and stress.

Neuropharmacological effects of essential oil from the leaves of Croton conduplicatus Kunth and possible mechanisms of action involved

de Oliveira Júnior RG, Ferraz CAA, Silva JC, de Andrade Teles RB, E Silva MG, Diniz TC, Dos Santos US, de Souza AVV, Nunes CEP, Salvador MJ, Lorenzo VP, Junior LJQ, da Silva Almeida JRG Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2018 ABSTRACT: ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Croton conduplicatus Kunth (Euphorbiaceae) is a Brazilian aromatic medicinal plant, widely known as… Read more »

Amelioration of methylmercury induced neural damage by essential oil of Selinum vaginatum (Edgew) C. B. Clarke

Thiagarajan K, Gamit N, Mandal S, Ayyathan DM, Chandrasekaran R Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2018 ABSTRACT: Methylmercury (MeHg), an organometallic contaminant is a well spotted cause for a series of disorders, especially in the central nervous system. As there is no proper treatment, Selinum vaginatum (Edgew) C. B. Clarke, a traditional medicinal plant, is… Read more »

Terpenes, Phenylpropanoids, Sulfur and Other Essential Oil Constituents as Inhibitors of Cholinesterases

Politeo O, Burcul F, Blazevic I, Radan M Current Medicinal Chemistry, 2018 ABSTRACT: Essential oils constituents are a diverse family of low molecular weight organic compounds with comprehensive biological activity. According to their chemical structure these active compounds can be divided into four major groups: terpenes, terpenoids, phenylpropenes, and “others”. In addition, they may contain… Read more »

Antinociceptive Activity of Inula britannica L. and Patuletin: In vivo and Possible Mechanisms Studies

Zarei M, Mohammadi S, Komaki A Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2018 ABSTRACT: ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: INULA BRITANNICA: L. (IBL) is a predominant medicinal plant traditionally utilized in the treatments of arthritis and back pain in Iranian folk medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the analgesic effects of Inula britannica L…. Read more »

Cananga odorata essential oil reverses the anxiety induced by 1-(3-chlorophenyl) piperazine through regulating the MAPK pathway and serotonin system in mice

Zhang N, Zhang L, Feng L, Yao L Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2018 ABSTRACT: ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cananga odorata essential oil, known as ylang-ylang essential oil (YYO), was commonly used in the aromatherapy for relaxation and mood adjusting use. In our previous study, YYO played anxiolytic effects on the mice in several behavioral tests that based on… Read more »

Neuropharmacological Properties of the Essential Oil of Bergamot for the Clinical Management of Pain-Related BPSDs

Scuteri D, Rombola L, Tridico L, Mizoguchi H, Watanabe C, Sakurada T, Sakurada S, Corasaniti MT, Bagetta G, Morrone LA Current Medicinal Chemistry, 2018 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) accounts for approximately 50% of all cases of dementia and, in spite of the great effort for the development of disease-modifying drugs, a definitive treatment of… Read more »

Cymbopogon citratus and Cymbopogon giganteus essential oils have cytotoxic effects on tumor cell cultures. Identification of citral as a new putative anti-proliferative molecule

Bayala B, Bassole IHN, Maqdasy S, Baron S, Simpore J, Lobaccaro JA Biochimie, 2018 ABSTRACT: Cymbopogon species are used as traditional remedies in Burkina Faso for treating several diseases. We aimed to study the effects of their essential oils on cancer cell lines. For that purpose, Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. and Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. were… Read more »

Targeting oxidative stress, acetylcholinesterase, proinflammatory cytokine, dopamine and GABA by eucalyptus oil (Eucalyptus globulus) to alleviate ketamine-induced psychosis in rats

Yadav M, Jindal DK, Parle M, Kumar A, Dhingra S Inflammopharmacology, 2018 ABSTRACT: Essential oil of eucalyptus species is among the most common traded essential oils in the world. There is an increasing interest in the application of eucalyptus oil as a natural additive in food and pharmaceutical industry. The present study was undertaken to… Read more »

The Neuroprotective Effects of Cinnamic Aldehyde in an MPTP Mouse Model of Parkinson’s Disease

Bae WY, Choi JS, Jeong JW International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2018 ABSTRACT: Cinnamic aldehyde (CA), a key flavor compound in cinnamon essential oil, has been identified as an anti-oxidant, anti-angiogenic, and anti-inflammatory material. Recently, the neuroprotective effects of CA have been reported in various neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson’s disease (PD). In neurons, autophagy is… Read more »