Garlet QI, da Costa Pires L, Milanesi LH, Marafiga JR, Baldisserotto B, de Mello CF, Heinzmann BM
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 2017
(+)-Dehydrofukinone (DHF), isolated from Nectandra grandiflora (Lauraceae) essential oil, induces sedation and anesthesia by modulation of GABAa receptors. However, no study has addressed whether DHF modulates other cellular events involved in the control of cellular excitability, such as seizure behavior. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of DHF on cellular excitability and seizure behavior in mice. For this purpose, we used isolated nerve terminals (synaptosomes) to examine the effect of DHF on the plasma membrane potential, the involvement of GABAa receptors and the downstream activation of Ca2+ mobilization. Finally, we performed an in vivo assay in order to verify whether DHF could impact on seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) in mice. The results showed that DHF induced a GABA-dependent sustained hyperpolarization, sensitive to flumazenil and absent in low-[Cl–] medium. Additionally, (1-100μM) DHF decreased KCl-evoked calcium mobilization overtime in a concentration-dependent way and this effect was prevented by flumazenil. DHF increased the latency to myoclonic jerks (10mg/kg), delayed the onset of generalized tonic-clonic seizures (10, 30 and 100mg/kg), and these effects were also blocked by the pretreatment with flumazenil. Our data indicate that DHF has anticonvulsant properties and the molecular target underlying this effect is likely to be the facilitation of GABAergic neuronal inhibition. The present study highlights the therapeutic potential of the natural compound DHF as a suppressor of neuronal excitability.
Garlet QI, da Costa Pires L, Milanesi LH et al. (+)-Dehydrofukinone modulates membrane potential and delays seizure onset by GABAa receptor-mediated mechanism in mice. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2017 Jul 18. pii: S0041-008X(17)30307-1. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2017.07.010.