Oz M, Lozon Y, Sultan A, Yang KH, Galadari S
Pharmacology & therapeutics, 2015
Monoterpenes are a structurally diverse group of phytochemicals and a major constituent of plant-derived ‘essential oils’. Monoterpenes such as menthol, carvacrol, and eugenol have been utilized for therapeutical purposes and food additives for centuries and have been reported to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and analgesic actions. In recent years there has been increasing interest in understanding the pharmacological actions of these molecules. There is evidence indicating that monoterpenes can modulate the functional properties of several types of voltage and ligand-gated ion channels, suggesting that some of their pharmacological actions may be mediated by modulations of ion channel function. In this report, we review the literature concerning the interaction of monoterpenes with various ion channels.
Oz M, Lozon Y, Sultan A, et al. Effects of monoterpenes on ion channels of excitable cells. Pharmac Ther. 2015;152:83-97.