Okabe H, Takayama K, Nagai T
Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 1992
The percutaneous absorption of ketoprofen (KPF) from gel patches containing d-limonene and ethanol was investigated in rats. Plasma levels of KPF varied with the kind of polymers which constitute the gel patch, and the highest level was observed when the copolymer of ethylacrylate (EA) and diethyleneglycolmethacrylate (DEGMA) was used as a vehicle. The amount of KPF permeating through the rat skin from the gel patch was well correlated with that of ethanol. Permeations were enhanced with increase in the amount of d-limonene distributed from the vehicle to the skin tissue. The amount of d-limonene accumulated in the skin varied greatly with the kind of polymers; the highest accumulation was observed with the EA-DEGMA copolymer, and decreased with increasing affinity of d-limonene to the polymers. The reason EA-DEGMA copolymer showed the highest percutaneous absorption of KPF from gel patches containing d-limonene may be the hydrophilic nature of this polymer which showed the lowest affinity to d-limonene.
Okabe H, Takayama K, Nagai T. Percutaneous absorption of ketoprofen from acrylic gel patches containing d-limonene and ethanol as absorption enhancers. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1992;40(7):1906-1910.