Digestive System

This system includes the mouth, teeth, tongue, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, large intestine, rectum and anus. Common disorders include GERD (acid reflux), indigestion, gut motility disorders, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and peptic or duodenal ulcers.

The impact of sesquiterpenes β-caryophyllene oxide and trans-nerolidol on xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in mice in vivo

Lněničková K, Svobodová H, Skálová L, Ambrož M, Novák F, Matoušková P Xenobiotica, 2017 ABSTRACT: 1. Sesquiterpenes, constituents of plant essential oil, are popular bioactive compounds due to the positive effect on human health, but their potential toxicity and possible herb-drug interactions are often omitted. In our in vivo study, we followed up the effect of… Read more »

Evaluation of antioxidant potential of essential oils of some commonly used Indian spices in in vitro models and in food supplements enriched with omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids.

Bag A, Chattopadhyay RR Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2017 ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the antioxidant potential of essential oils of some commonly used Indian spices (black pepper, cinnamon, clove, coriander and cumin) in various in vitro models and in food supplements enriched with omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. In… Read more »

The clinical evaluation of Vi-one chlorhexidine mouthwash on plaque-induced gingivitis: A double-blind randomized clinical trial

Amoian B, Omidbakhsh M, Khafri S Electronic Physician, 2017 BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine (CHX) is the most effective antiseptic mouthwash to date. Essential oil such as thymol, have inhibitory and biocidal effects a range of bacteria. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of mouthwash containing CHX and thymol on plaque induced gingivitis. METHODS: This double-blind randomized clinical trial study was… Read more »

Essential Oils and Gastroparesis: Power for Transforming Health, Hope, and Quality of Life

Macoskey C, Dunn DJ Journal of Holistic Nursing Practice, 2017 ABSTRACT: This study explored how essential oils for persons with gastroparesis symptoms affect the quality of life. Gastroparesis is a chronic delayed gastric motility disorder characterized by postprandial fullness, early satiety, nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, bloating, depression, and anxiety. The aim of this study was to determine… Read more »

Perspectives on medicinal properties of natural phenolic monoterpenoids and their hybrids

Rajput JD, Bagul SD, Pete UD, Zade CM, Padhye SB, Bendre RS Molecular Diversity, 2017 ABSTRACT: Carvacrol, thymol and eugenol belong to a class of naturally presenting phenols with a ten-carbon unit, which are present in essential oils of many plants. These versatile molecules are incorporated as useful ingredients in many food products and find applications in… Read more »

Anti-oxidant activity and major chemical component analyses of twenty-six commercially available essential oils

Wang HF, Yih KH, Yang CH, Huang KF Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, 2017 ABSTRACT: This study analyzed 26 commercially available essential oils and their major chemical components to determine their antioxidant activity levels by measuring their total phenolic content (TPC), reducing power (RP), β-carotene bleaching (BCB) activity, trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free… Read more »

Cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of geraniol in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and human hepatoma cell line (HepG2)

Queiroz TB, Santos GF, Ventura SC, Hiruma-Lima CA, Gaivão IOM, Maistro EL Genetics and Molecular Research, 2017 ABSTRACT: Geraniol is an acyclic monoterpene alcohol present in the essential oil of many aromatic plants and is one of the most frequently used molecules by the flavor and fragrance industries. The literature also reports its therapeutic potential, highlighting itself… Read more »

Inhibitory effects of cinnamon and clove essential oils on mold growth on baked foods

Ju J, Xu X, Xie Y, Guo Y, Cheng Y, Qian H, Yao W Food Chemistry, 2017 ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) and minimum lethal concentration (MLC) of cinnamon and clove essential oils against mold growth on green bean cake and finger citron crisp cake, and also examined the effects of these two essential… Read more »

Biological Activities of Three Essential Oils of the Lamiaceae Family

Nieto G Medicines (Basel), 2017 ABSTRACT: Herbs and spices have been used since ancient times to improve the sensory characteristics of food, to act as preservatives and for their nutritional and healthy properties. Herbs and spices are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and are excellent substitutes for chemical additives. Essential oils are mixtures of volatile compounds obtained,… Read more »

Essential Oils’ Chemical Characterization and Investigation of Some Biological Activities: A Critical Review

Dhifi W, Bellili S, Jazi S, Bahloul N, Mnif W Medicines (Basel), 2017 ABSTRACT: This review covers literature data summarizing, on one hand, the chemistry of essential oils and, on the other hand, their most important activities. Essential oils, which are complex mixtures of volatile compounds particularly abundant in aromatic plants, are mainly composed of terpenes biogenerated… Read more »