Digestive System

This system includes the mouth, teeth, tongue, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, large intestine, rectum and anus. Common disorders include GERD (acid reflux), indigestion, gut motility disorders, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and peptic or duodenal ulcers.

Thymus essential oil extraction, characterization and incorporation in phospholipid vesicles for the antioxidant/antibacterial treatment of oral cavity diseases

Manconi M, Petretto G, D’hallewin G, Escribano E, Milia E, Pinna R, Palmieri A, Firoznezhad M, Peris JE, Usach I, Fadda AM, Caddeo C, Manca ML Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 2018 ABSTRACT: The aim of the work was to extract, characterize, and formulate Thymus capitatus (Tymbra capitata) essential oil in phospholipid vesicles: liposomes, glycerosomes… Read more »

Essential Oil Derived From Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng. Mediates Anticancer Effect by Inhibiting STAT3 and AKT Activation to Induce Apoptosis in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Chen H, Zhou B, Yang J, Ma X, Deng S, Huang Y, Wen Y, Yuan J, Yang X Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2018 ABSTRACT: Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng. (EA) is a well-known noxious invasive species. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis revealed that the essential oil derived from EA (EAEO) is mainly composed of sesquiterpenes. However, the pharmacological… Read more »

An Overview on Citrus aurantium L.: Its Functions as Food Ingredient and Therapeutic Agent

Suntar I, Khan H, Patel S, Celano R, Rastrelli L Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2018 ABSTRACT: Citrus aurantium L. (Rutaceae), commonly known as bitter orange, possesses multiple therapeutic potentials. These biological credentials include anticancer, antianxiety, antiobesity, antibacterial, antioxidant, pesticidal, and antidiabetic activities. The essential oil of C. aurantium was reported to display marked pharmacological… Read more »

Antifibrogenic Influence of Mentha piperita L. Essential Oil against CCl4-Induced Liver Fibrosis in Rats

Ogaly HA, Eltablawy NA, Abd-elsalam RM Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2018 ABSTRACT: Essential oils of some aromatic plants provide an effective nonmedicinal option to control liver fibrosis. Mentha piperita L. essential oil (MPEO) have been reported to possess protective effects against hepatotoxicity. However, its effect against liver fibrosis remains unknown. The present study investigated… Read more »

Antihyperlipidemic and anti-hyperglycemic effects of Cymbopogon jwarancusa in high-fat high-sugar diet model

Khan SJ, Afroz S, Khan RA Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2018 ABSTRACT: Hyperlipidemia is the root cause for development of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension and cerebral palsy. Cymbopogon jwarancusa is an aromatic grass (Rusha grass, khavi grass) belonging to family Poaceaea. C. jwarancusa essential oil is famous for its use… Read more »

Pinus Roxburghii essential oil anticancer activity and chemical composition evaluation

Sajid A, Manzoor Q, Iqbal M, Tyagi AK, Sarfraz RA, Sajid A EXCLI Journal, 2018 ABSTRACT: The present study was conducted to appraise the anticancer activity of Pinus roxburghii essential oil along with chemical composition evaluation. MTT assay revealed cytotoxicity induction in colon, leukemia, multiple myeloma, pancreatic, head and neck and lung cancer cells exposed… Read more »

Thymoquinone protects rat liver after partial hepatectomy under ischemia/reperfusion through oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress prevention

Bouhlel A, Bejaoui M, Ben Mosbah I, Hadj Abdallah N, Ribault C, Viel R, Hentati H, Corlu A, Ben Abdennebi H Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 2018 ABSTRACT: Ischemia reperfusion (I/R) is associated with liver injury and impaired regeneration during partial hepatectomy (PH). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of… Read more »

Antioxidative and Cholesterol-Lowering Effects of Lemon Essential Oil in Hypercholesterolemia-Induced Rabbits

Lee H, Woo M, Kim M, Noh JS, Song YO Preventive Nutrition and Food Science, 2018 ABSTRACT: The cholesterol-lowering and anti-atherogenic effects of lemon essential oil (LEO) were investigated and compared with the effects of limonene. Owing to their volatility, both LEO and limonene were microencapsulated before preparation of the diet (20%, w/w). Hypercholesterolemia-induced rabbits… Read more »

Gene co-expression networks in liver and muscle transcriptome reveal sex-specific gene expression in lambs fed with a mix of essential oils

Sabino M, Carmelo VAO, Mazzoni G, Cappelli K, Capomaccio S, Ajmone-Marsan P, Verini-Supplizi A, Trabalza-Marinucci M, Kadarmideen HN BMC Genomics, 2018 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Essential oil (EO) dietary supplementation is a new strategy to improve animal health. EO compounds have antiparasitic, antimicrobial, antiviral, antimycotic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory proprieties. Nutrigenomics investigations represent innovative approaches in understanding the… Read more »

Plants and Surgery: The Protective Effects of Thymoquinone on Hepatic Injury-A Systematic Review of In Vivo Studies

Tekbas A, Huebner J, Settmacher U, Dahmen U International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2018 ABSTRACT: Multimodal treatment concepts including liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), extended resection methods and neoadjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal liver metastasis significantly improve patients’ outcome. However, surgery-induced hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and chemotherapy-associated hepatotoxicity result in hepatocellular damage and compromised liver… Read more »