Digestive System

This system includes the mouth, teeth, tongue, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, large intestine, rectum and anus. Common disorders include GERD (acid reflux), indigestion, gut motility disorders, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and peptic or duodenal ulcers.

Spasmolytic and antidiarrheal activities of Lippia thymoides (Verbenaceae) essential oil

Menezes PMN, Oliveira HR, Brito MC, Paiva GO, Ribeiro LAA, Lucchese AM, Silva FS Natural Product Research, 2018 ABSTRACT: Lippia thymoides (‘alecrim-do-mato’ or ‘alecrim-do-campo’) is used in Brazilian folk medicine to treat various illnesses, including diarrhea. This work aimed to evaluate in vitro spasmolytic and in vivo antidiarrheal activities of the L. thymoides essential oil… Read more »

Use of micronucleus and comet assay to evaluate evaluate the genotoxicity of oregano essential oil (Origanum vulgare l. Virens) in rats orally exposed for 90 days

Llana-Ruiz-Cabello M, Puerto M, Maisanaba S, Guzmán-Guillén R, Pichardo S, Cameán AM Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part A, 2018 ABSTRACT: Essential oils from Origanum spp. exhibit antioxidant and antimicrobial activities making them suitable for use as food additives. The incorporation of oregano essential oil in active food packaging is under study; however, it… Read more »

Effects of lemongrass oil and citral on hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes, oxidative stress, and acetaminophen toxicity in rats

Li CC, Yu HF, Chang CH, Liu YT, Yao HT Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, 2018 ABSTRACT: The essential oil from a lemongrass variety of Cymbopogon flexuosus [lemongrass oil (LO)] is used in various food and aroma industry products and exhibits biological activities, such as anticancer and antimicrobial activities. To investigate the effects of… Read more »

Essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass) and geraniol, but not citral, promote gastric healing activity in mice

Venzon L, Mariano LNB, Somensi LB, Boeing T, de Souza P, Wagner TM, Andrade SF, Nesello LAN, da Silva LM Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 2018 ABSTRACT: Cymbopogon citratus, popularly known as lemongrass, is used for the treatment of gastric, nervous and hypertensive disorders, in addition to its use in the food and pharmaceutical industries. This study… Read more »

Essential oils of culinary herbs and spices display agonist and antagonist activities at human aryl hydrocarbon receptor AhR

Bartoňková I, Dvořák Z Food Chemistry & Toxicology ABSTRACT: Essential oils (EOs) of culinary herbs and spices are used to flavor, color and preserve foods and drinks. Dietary intake of EOs is significant, deserving an attention of toxicologists. We examined the effects of 31 EOs of culinary herbs and spices on the transcriptional activity of human… Read more »

Insecticidal activity of camphene, zerumbone and α-humulene from Cheilocostus speciosus rhizome essential oil against the Old-World bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera

Benelli G, Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Vaseeharan B, Alyahya SA, Alharbi NS, Kadaikunnan S, Khaled JM, Maggi F Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2017 ABSTRACT: The fast-growing resistance development to several synthetic and microbial insecticides currently marketed highlighted the pressing need to develop novel and eco-friendly pesticides. Among the latter, botanical ones are attracting high research… Read more »

In vitro Protoscolicidal Effects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Essential Oil and Its Toxicity in Mice

Mahmoudvand H, Mahmoudvand H, Oliaee RT, Kareshk AT, Mirbadie SR, Aflatoonian MR Pharmacognosy Magazine, 2017 BACKGROUND: This study investigates the scolicidal effects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oilagainst the protoscoleces of hydatid cysts and its toxicity in the mice model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy analyses were used to identify the constituents of essential oil. Protoscoleces were treated… Read more »

The impact of sesquiterpenes β-caryophyllene oxide and trans-nerolidol on xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in mice in vivo

Lněničková K, Svobodová H, Skálová L, Ambrož M, Novák F, Matoušková P Xenobiotica, 2017 ABSTRACT: 1. Sesquiterpenes, constituents of plant essential oil, are popular bioactive compounds due to the positive effect on human health, but their potential toxicity and possible herb-drug interactions are often omitted. In our in vivo study, we followed up the effect of… Read more »

Evaluation of antioxidant potential of essential oils of some commonly used Indian spices in in vitro models and in food supplements enriched with omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids.

Bag A, Chattopadhyay RR Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2017 ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the antioxidant potential of essential oils of some commonly used Indian spices (black pepper, cinnamon, clove, coriander and cumin) in various in vitro models and in food supplements enriched with omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. In… Read more »

The clinical evaluation of Vi-one chlorhexidine mouthwash on plaque-induced gingivitis: A double-blind randomized clinical trial

Amoian B, Omidbakhsh M, Khafri S Electronic Physician, 2017 BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine (CHX) is the most effective antiseptic mouthwash to date. Essential oil such as thymol, have inhibitory and biocidal effects a range of bacteria. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of mouthwash containing CHX and thymol on plaque induced gingivitis. METHODS: This double-blind randomized clinical trial study was… Read more »