Immune System

This system includes the lymph nodes, white blood cells, lymphatic vessels, thymus gland, bone marrow, spleen and leukocytes. Common disorders include anything with bacterial, viral or fungal origins, leukemia, allergic reactions and autoimmune diseases like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

Phenotype and RNA-seq-Based transcriptome profiling of Staphylococcus aureus biofilms in response to tea tree oil

Zhao X, Liu Z, Liu Z, Meng R, Shi C, Chen X, Bu X, Guo N Microbial Pathogenesis, 2018 ABSTRACT: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a Gram-positive bacterium that causes a wide range of diseases, including food poisoning. Tea tree oil (TTO), an essential oil distilled from Melaleuca alternifolia, is well-known for its antibacterial activities…. Read more »

Transcriptomic approach and membrane fatty acid analysis to study the response mechanisms of Escherichia coli to thyme essential oil, carvacrol, 2-(E)-hexanal and citral exposure

Siroli L, Braschi G, De jong A, Kok J, Patrignani F, Lanciotti R Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2018 ABSTRACT: AIMS: The application of essential oils (EOs) and their components as food preservatives is promising but requires a deeper understanding of their mechanisms of action. This study aims to evaluate the effects of thyme EO, carvacrol,… Read more »

Thymol, thyme, and other plant sources: Health and potential uses

Salehi B, Mishra AP, Shukla I, Sharifi-Rad M, Contreras MDM, Segura-Carretero A, Fathi H, Nasrabadi NN, Kobarfard F, Sharifi-Rad J Phytotherapy Research, 2018 ABSTRACT: Thymol is a naturally occurring phenol monoterpene derivative of cymene and isomer of carvacrol. Thymol (10-64%) is one of the major constituent of essential oils of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L., Lamiaceae),… Read more »

Zataria multiflora essential oil reduces replication rate of avian influenza virus (H9N2 subtype) in challenged broiler chicks

Shayeganmehr A, Vasfi marandi M, Karimi V, Barin A, Ghalyanchilangeroudi A British Poultry Science, 2018 ABSTRACT: The effect of Zataria multiflora essential oil on replication rate of the H9N2 virus in target organs was determined by real-time PCR. One-day-old broiler chicks were randomly divided into six groups and were challenged with H9N2 influenza. Two groups… Read more »

Chemical composition, antioxidant, antimicrobial and Antiproliferative activities of essential oil of Mentha spicata L. (Lamiaceae) from Algerian Saharan atlas

Bardaweel SK, Bakchiche B, Alsalamat HA, Rezzoug M, Gherib A, Flamini G, BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2018 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mentha spicata (M. spicata) is a member of Lamiaceae that spreads mainly in the temperate and sub-temperate zones of the world. It is considered as a rich source of essential oils, which is widely used… Read more »

Immediate and Lasting Effectsof the dōTERRA AromaTouch Technique®, a Topical Essential Oil Application Procedure, on Autonomic Function and Salivary Biomarkers: A Pilot Trial

Bahr T, Rodriguez D, Allred K Journal of Integrative Medicine & Therapy, 2018 ABSTRACT: Objectives: To explore the immediate and lasting benefits of the essential oils used in the dōTERRA AromaTouch Technique®, an essential oil application method similar to a full-body aromatherapy massage, on stress, immune secretions, inflammatory signaling, and anxiety in healthy volunteers. Design: Pilot trial…. Read more »

Antimicrobial activity of nanoemulsion on drug-resistant bacterial pathogens

Krishnamoorthy R, Athinarayanan J, Periyasamy VS, Adisa AR, Al-Shuniaber MA, Gassem MA, Alshatwi AA Microbial Pathogenesis, 2018 ABSTRACT: The appearance of drug-resistant (DR) bacteria in the community is a crucial development, and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, healthcare costs, and antibiotic use. Natural oil nanoemulsions (NEs) have potential for antimicrobial applications. In the present… Read more »

Chemical composition, antioxidant, anticholinesterase, antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of essential oil and methanolic extract of Anthemis stiparum subsp. sabulicola (Pomel) Oberpr

Chemsa AE, Zellagui A, Öztürk M, Erol E, Ceylan O, Duru ME, Lahouel M Microbial Pathogenesis, 2018 ABSTRACT: Anthemis species are traditionally used to treat infectious and inflammatory processes, among others clinical disturbances. In the current study, the chemical composition, the total phenolic and flavonoid contents, the antioxidant, anticholinesterase, antimicrobial, and antibiofilm activities of Anthemis… Read more »

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of essential oil from Wedelia urticifolia growing wild in Hunan Province, China

Hu J, Jia M, Zhu L Natural Product Research, 2018 ABSTRACT: The essential oil obtained from Wedelia urticifolia growing in Hunan Province, China, was analyzed for the first time by capillary GC and GC-MS. A total of 67 constituents, representing 98.68% in essential oil were identified. The major constituents of the oil were: α-pinene (8.85%),… Read more »

In vitro and in vivo evaluations of Pelargonium roseum essential oil activity against Trichomonas gallinae

Abouhosseini Tabari M, Youssefi MR Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine, 2018 ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Pelargonium roseum Willd. (Geraniaceae) is widely grown as an ornamental plant due to its strong pleasant rose-like odor. The present study evaluates the antitrichomonal effect of P. roseum essential oil (EO) against Trichomonas gallinae both in vitro and in vivo and compares it… Read more »