Immune System

This system includes the lymph nodes, white blood cells, lymphatic vessels, thymus gland, bone marrow, spleen and leukocytes. Common disorders include anything with bacterial, viral or fungal origins, leukemia, allergic reactions and autoimmune diseases like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

Efficacy of poly(lactic acid)/carvacrol electrospun membranes against Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans in single and mixed cultures

Scaffaro R, Lopresti F, D’Arrigo M, Marino A, Nostro A Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2018 ABSTRACT: Carvacrol (CAR) is one of the most promising essential oil components with antimicrobial activity. New technologies aimed to incorporate this active molecule into carrier matrix to improve the stability and prolong the biological activity. The goal of this study… Read more »

Anti-Leishmania and cytotoxic activities of perillaldehyde epoxide synthetic positional isomers

Keesen TSL, da Silva LV, da Câmara Rocha J, Andrade LN, Lima TC, de Sousa DP Natural Product Research, 2018 ABSTRACT: Leishmaniasis belongs to a complex of zoonotic disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania and is considered a major public health problem. Several essential oil chemical components have inhibitory effect against protozoa, including… Read more »

Frankincense and myrrh essential oils and burn incense fume against micro-inhabitants of sacral ambients. Wisdom of the ancients?

Ljaljević Grbić M, Unković N, Dimkić I, Janaćković P, Gavrilović M, Stanojević O, Stupar M, Vujisić L, Jelikić A, Stanković S, Vukojević J Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2018 ABSTRACT: ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Essential oils obtained from resins of Boswellia carteri Birdw. and Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl., commonly known as frankincense and true myrrh respectively, have been used… Read more »

Assessment of the antibiofilm and antiquorum sensing activities of Eucalyptus globulus essential oil and its main component 1,8-cineole against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains

Merghni A, Noumi E, Hadded O, Dridi N, Panwar H, Ceylan O, Mastouri M, Snoussi M Microbial Pathogenesis, 2018 ABSTRACT: Antibacterial resistance is an increasingly serious threat to global public health. The search for new anti-infection agents from natural resources, with different mode of actions and competitive effects became a necessity. In this study, twenty… Read more »

Anti-inflammatory and anti-edematogenic action of the Croton campestris A. St.-Hil (Euphorbiaceae) essential oil and the compound β-caryophyllene in in vivo models

Oliveira-Tintino CDM, Pessoa RT, Fernandes MNM, Alcântara IS, da Silva BAF, de Oliveira MRC, Martins AOBPB, da Silva MDS, Tintino SR, Rodrigues FFG, da Costa JGM, de Lima SG, Kerntopf MR, da Silva TG, de Menezes IRA Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology, 2018 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Inflammation makes up a set of vascularized tissue… Read more »

Combination of essential oil and ciprofloxacin to inhibit/eradicate biofilms in multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae

Mohamed SH, Mohamed MSM, Khalil MS, Azmy M, Mabrouk MI Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2018 ABSTRACT: AIM: This study aimed to test biofilm inhibition activities of each of essential oils (EOs), main compounds of EOs and enzymes against pathogenic Klebsiella pneumonia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Effect of seven EOs and three enzymes was tested on formation… Read more »

Targeting oxidative stress, acetylcholinesterase, proinflammatory cytokine, dopamine and GABA by eucalyptus oil (Eucalyptus globulus) to alleviate ketamine-induced psychosis in rats

Yadav M, Jindal DK, Parle M, Kumar A, Dhingra S Inflammopharmacology, 2018 ABSTRACT: Essential oil of eucalyptus species is among the most common traded essential oils in the world. There is an increasing interest in the application of eucalyptus oil as a natural additive in food and pharmaceutical industry. The present study was undertaken to… Read more »

Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark essential oil induces cell wall remodelling and spindle defects in Candida albicans

Shahina Z, El-Ganiny AM, Minion J, Whiteway M, Sultana T, Dahms TES Fungal Biology and Biotechnology, 2018 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) bark extract exhibits potent inhibitory activity against Candida albicans but the antifungal mechanisms of this essential oil remain largely unexplored. RESULTS: We analyzed the impact of cinnamon bark oil on C. albicans RSY150,… Read more »

Chemical composition analysis and in vitro biological activities of ten essential oils in human skin cells

Han X, Beaumont C, Stevens N Biochimie Open, 2017 ABSTRACT: Research on the biological effects of essential oils on human skin cells is scarce. In the current study, we primarily explored the biological activities of 10 essential oils (nine single and one blend) in a pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblast system that simulated chronic inflammation. We… Read more »

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) essential oil demonstrated anti-inflammatory effect in pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblasts

Han X, Parker TL Biochimie Open, 2017 ABSTRACT: Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) essential oil (LEO), which has citral as its main component, has exhibited anti-inflammatory effect in both animal and human cells. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of a commercially available LEO in pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblasts. We first studied the impact of… Read more »