Immune System

This system includes the lymph nodes, white blood cells, lymphatic vessels, thymus gland, bone marrow, spleen and leukocytes. Common disorders include anything with bacterial, viral or fungal origins, leukemia, allergic reactions and autoimmune diseases like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

In vitro and in vivo evaluations of Pelargonium roseum essential oil activity against Trichomonas gallinae

Abouhosseini Tabari M, Youssefi MR Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine, 2018 ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Pelargonium roseum Willd. (Geraniaceae) is widely grown as an ornamental plant due to its strong pleasant rose-like odor. The present study evaluates the antitrichomonal effect of P. roseum essential oil (EO) against Trichomonas gallinae both in vitro and in vivo and compares it… Read more »

Chemical composition and in vitro antibacterial and antiproliferative activities of the essential oil from the leaves of Psidium myrtoides O. Berg (Myrtaceae)

Dias ALB, Batista HRF, Estevam EBB, Alves CCF, Forim MR, Nicolella HD, Furtado RA, Tavares DC, Silva TS, Martins CHG, Miranda MLD Natural Product Research, 2018 ABSTRACT: In this study, the chemical composition and antibacterial and antiproliferative potential of the essential oil obtained from fresh leaves of Psidium myrtoides (PM-EO) against oral pathogens and human… Read more »

Nanoemulsions containing Cymbopogon flexuosus essential oil: Development, characterization, stability study and evaluation of antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities

da Silva Gündel S, de Souza ME, Quatrin PM, Klein B, Wagner R, Gündel A, Vaucher RA, Santos RCV, Ourique AF Microbial Pathogenesis, 2018 ABSTRACT: The increase of microbial resistance generates the search for new substances with antimicrobial potential. The essential oil of Cymbopogon flexuosus (Lemongrass) stands out in the literature for its antimicrobial, insecticide… Read more »

Citrus fruit extracts with carvacrol and thymol eliminated 7-log acid-adapted Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes: A potential of effective natural antibacterial agents

Chung D, Cho TJ, Rhee MS Food Research International, 2018 ABSTRACT: Despite the widespread belief that citrus fruit extracts (CFEs) are microbiologically safe due to their acidity, limited bactericidal effect results in low applicability as antibacterial agent and outbreaks occurred by acid-adapted pathogens. Here, we examined the antibacterial effects of CFEs [lime (Citrus medica), lemon… Read more »

Effects of patchouli and cinnamon essential oils on biofilm and hyphae formation by Candida species

Farisa Banu S, Rubini D, Shanmugavelan P, Murugan R, Gowrishankar S, Karutha Pandian S, Nithyanand P Journal de Mycologie Medicale, 2018 ABSTRACT: The prevalence and fatality rates with biofilm-associated candidal infections have remained a challenge to the medical fraternity despite major advances in the field of antifungal therapy. Traditionally, essential oils (EOs) from the aromatic… Read more »

Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLN) carrying Eugenia caryophyllata essential oil: The novel nanoparticulate systems with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity

Fazly Bazzaz BS, Khameneh B, Namazi N, Iranshahi M, Davoodi D, Golmohammadzadeh S Letters in Applied Microbiology, 2018 ABSTRACT: In the present study, solid lipid nanoparticles containing Eugenia caryophyllata essential oil (SLN-EO) were prepared by high-shear homogenization and ultrasound methods, and used to eradicate pathogens. SLN formulations were evaluated for their size, zeta potential and… Read more »

Phytochemical profiles, and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of greater galangal [Alpinia galanga (Linn.) Swartz.] flowers

Tang X, Xu C, Yagiz Y, Simonne A, Marshall MR Food Chemistry, 2018 ABSTRACT: Previous studies of galangal (Alpinia galanga) have focussed mostly on rhizomes but seldom on flowers. A comprehensive look at galangal flowers could reveal additional benefits. The chemical composition of galangal flowers was significantly (p < 0.05) different from that of galangal rhizome. Pentadecane… Read more »

The antifungal activity of essential oil from Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L. grown in China and its synergistic effects with conventional antibiotics against Candida

Zhang J, Wu H, Jiang D, Yang Y, Tang W, Xu K Natural Product Research, 2018 ABSTRACT: To identify the natural antifungal agents, the antifungal activities of Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L. essential oil (ML-EO) from Fujian Province of China were assayed. Treatment of ML-EO in combination with the front-line using antibiotics against Candida led to… Read more »

Intestinal Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Perillaldehyde

Uemura T, Yashiro T, Oda R, Shioya N, Nakajima T, Hachisu M, Kobayashi S, Nishiyama C, Arimura GI Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018 ABSTRACT: Monoterpenoid perillaldehyde (PA) is the major component in Perilla frutescens leaf essential oil, but its function regarding anti-inflammatory effect is unclear. We explored the anti-inflammatory activity of PA in… Read more »