Nervous System

This system includes the brain, spinal cord, sensory receptors and peripheral nerves. Disorders include strokes, dementia, Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s, Parkinson’s, ADHD, epilepsy, anxiety disorders, mood disorders and stress.

Possible involvement of the peripheral Mu-opioid system in antinociception induced by bergamot essential oil to allodynia after peripheral nerve injury

Komatsu T, Katsuyama S, Uezono Y, Sakurada C, Tsuzuki M, Hamamura K, Bagetta G, Sakurada S, Sakurada T Neuroscience Letters, 2018 ABSTRACT: The essential oil of bergamot (BEO) is one of the most common essential oils and is most familiar to the general public. The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of… Read more »

Volatile Terpenes and Brain Function: Investigation of the Cognitive and Mood Effects of Mentha × Piperita L. Essential Oil with In Vitro Properties Relevant to Central Nervous System Function

Kennedy D, Okello E, Chazot P, Howes MJ, Ohiomokhare S, Jackson P, Haskell-Ramsay C, Khan J, Forster J, Wightman E Nutrients, 2018 ABSTRACT: Extracts of several members of the monoterpene-rich Lamiaceae sub-family Nepetoideae, including those from the Salvia (sage), Melissa (Lemon balm) and Rosmarinus (rosemary) genera, evince cognitive and mood effects in humans that are… Read more »

A Comparative Evaluation of the Cytotoxic and Antioxidant Activity of Mentha crispa Essential Oil, Its Major Constituent Rotundifolone, and Analogues on Human Glioblastoma

Turkez H, Tozlu OO, Lima TC, De brito AEM, De sousa DP Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2018 ABSTRACT: Cancer is a major public health problem around the globe. This disorder is affected by alterations in multiple physiological processes, and oxidative stress has been etiologically implicated in its pathogenesis. Glioblastoma (GBM) is considered the most… Read more »

The anticonvulsant and anti-plasmid conjugation potential of Thymus vulgaris chemistry: An in vivo murine and in vitro study

Skalicka-Woźniak K, Walasek M, Aljarba TM, Stapleton P, Gibbons S, Xiao J, Łuszczki JJ Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2018 ABSTRACT: The high-performance counter-current chromatography was used for the efficient purification of single constituents from Thymus vulgaris essential oil. Mixtures of n-heptane, ethyl acetate, methanol, and water (5:2:5:2 and 4:1:4:1 v/v), allowed purification of eugenol, 1-octen-3-… Read more »

Anti-stress effects of simplified aroma hand massage

Komori T, Kageyama M, Tamura Y, Tateishi Y, Iwasa T Mental Illness, 2018 ABSTRACT: In order to be able to use the aroma hand massage as a skill that can be done by a nurse who does not have a special aromatherapy technique, we examine antistress effects of simplified aroma hand massage for healthy subjects…. Read more »

Effects of Essential Oil of Satureja bachtiarica Bunge in a Rat Model of Reserpine-Induced Depression

Bakhtiarpoor M, Setorki M, Kaffashian MR Iran Journal of Medical Sciences, 2018 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Due to the unfavorable side effects of some commonly used chemical drugs, the trend in the public has shifted towards using herbal medicines to treat central nervous system disorders like depression. The present experimental study was designed to evaluate the effect… Read more »

Anaesthetic Effects of Eugenol on Grass Shrimp (Palaemonetes sinensis) of Different Sizes at Different Concentrations and Temperatures

Li Y, She Q, Han Z, Sun N, Liu X, Li X Scientific Reports, 2018 ABSTRACT: Essential oil derivatives are widely used for anaesthetising aquatic animals. However, the effectiveness of anaesthesia often varies according to the anaesthetic agent, species, temperature, dosage, and interactions among these factors. This study evaluated the effects of eugenol on three… Read more »

β-eudesmol, an oxygenized sesquiterpene, affects efferent adrenal sympathetic nerve activity via transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 in rats

Ohara K, Katayama M, Nagai K Neuroscience Letters, 2018 ABSTRACT: The autonomic nervous system innervates various peripheral tissue functions. Various external stimuli affect autonomic nerve activity, however, there is little information about the involvement of sensory receptors in the responses. The TRPA1 is a calcium-permeable non-selective cation channel which plays a crucial role in the… Read more »

Essential oil of lavender in anxiety disorders: Ready for prime time?

Malcolm BJ, Tallian K The Mental Health Clinician, 2018 ABSTRACT: Anxiety disorders are some of the most common psychiatric disorders, with potentially debilitating consequences on individual function. Existing pharmacotherapies for anxiety disorders are limited by delay to therapeutic effect, dependence, tolerance, withdrawal, and abuse potential. Therefore, safe and evidence-based complementary or alternative therapies may be… Read more »